Wild Garlic ( Allium vineale) Lily Family
Other Names: crow garlic, field garlic, scallions, wild onion.
This species is drought tolerant and can grow in a variety of soil types ranging from heavy, wet soils to dry, sandy or gravelly soils. Wild garlic is common in grain fields, pastures, meadows, lawns, gardens and waste places, as well as along roads, rivers, and streams.
Wild garlic is a grass-like, bulb-forming perennial. It has slender, erect waxy stems and leaves. When you cut the stem the interior is circular, like a straw. When mature it shoots up a globe-like flower head produced at the top of each stem. When crushed, all parts of the plant give off a strong garlic odor.
The underground structure is a white bulb (2/5 to 4/5 inch wide), which produces fibrous roots from the bottom surface. Bulbs are oval or rounded and covered with a brittle, membranous, papery outer layer.
Garlic is widely known for its antibacterial, antibiotic and possibly antiviral properties.
It contains vitamins A and C, calcium, iron, phosphorus, sodium and copper. Studies have also shown that it may help reduce blood pressure, thereby reducing the risk of stroke and heart disease. Interestingly, although all types of garlic have these benefits, wild garlic is thought to be the most effective at lowering blood pressure.